CHAPTER V
NEW INDUSTRIAL POSSIBILITIES


Industrial Development of an area depends upon factors like availability of resources both human and material, infrastructure facilities, entrepreneurial skill etc. Erode district is fulfilling all the basic minimum requirements for industrial developments. There is no problem in availability of skilled labour thanks to privatisation of technical education. Entrepreneurial talent is available. The infrastructure facilities available in the district are adequate. The district is performing well in agriculture as well as in industry.

The district is not having a great mineral wealth. However it has a fine quality of feldspar and quarts. The industries based on these minerals are not exploited so far. The existing large scale textile units in the district offer limited scope for the development of ancillary industries. Though our primary objective of the survey is to explore the possibilities for starting small scale industries in the district, some of the items suggested in this report may be suitable for large / medium scale sector.

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

Agro Based Industries

Erode District is predominantly having agriculture and the variety of agricultural produce available, there is a vast potential for development of agro based and allied industries in this district.

Dairy Farming and Milk Products

The district has a sizeable bovine population and one of the highest milk producing district in the state, there is a vast scope in promoting dairy products.

Horticulture based Products

The district is one of the major horticultural belt in the state. Almost all the fruits, vegetables, spices, flowers and plantation varieties are grown here. The area under horticulture is steadily increasing. This provides scope for the development of horticulture based industries.

Mineral based products

Fine quality of feldspar is available in this district. There is good scope for starting industries by using these minerals as raw materials.

Sericulture

Since this district is having mulberry cultivation and silk worm rearing, there is a scope for starting modernised silk reeling units.

Floriculture

Floriculture is having good prospect in this district. At present Marigold and Jasmine are the main flowers grown here. There is a good scope for starting oil extracting units.

Pisciculture

There are two main rivers Cauvery and Bhavani flowing in this district. Besides these Bhavanisagar Dam, Kodiveri Dam, Amaravathi River & other small ponds are there. These sources offer a good scope for developing Pisciculture and fish based units.

Leather based Industries

Considering the animal population in this district and a good demand for leather products both in domestic & abroad, there is a good scope for starting leather based industries.

Textiles

Textile industry is a traditional industry in this district and Erode is a good textile marketing centre. Further there is a good prospect for export, there is a vast scope for starting powerloom with modernised machineries to manufacture quality fabrics. Though there is a lot of powerlooms in this district, the readymade garment sector is not fully exploited. Considering the growing demand for readymade garments both in the domestic and export market, there is a good scope for readymade garments sector. Regarding knitwear, this district is having a good potential of raw materials, processing facilities and trained labour, there is a good scope for development of knitwear industry.

Jute products

Jute products are slowly developing in this district. Since jute is environment friendly and cheaper cost, there is a good scope for starting industries in the line of packing materials, bags, travel goods etc.

Chemical based Industries

The district is having two sugar mills and it offer a good scope for developing Ethanol based industries. Plastic products are also having a good scope in this district.

Mechnical

Availability of skilled manpower and entrepreneurial skill offer good scope for development in this mechanical industry.

Electrical & Electronics

Through there is a little scope for starting resource based industries, there is a good scope for need based industries in Electrical & Electronics sector.

Software Services

Service sector is growing very fast recently. Among them software sector growth is exceeding the expected target every year. Since Erode district is having a good number of computer skilled persons there are abundant scope for software development & IT enabled services sector.

Bio mass based power generation

Paddy husk and other agricultural waste are available in this district. Further the animal population in this district is also high. Biomass from the animals and the agricultural waste can be utlised for power generation.

Tourism, Entertainment and Recreation

Erode district is having a number of places from the point of tourism. Natural scenaries like rivers, canals, mountains, green paddy fields, plantation farms, forests, important religious places attracts many persons from outside the district including the film industry. However the same has not been exploited in the organised way. It provides a good scope for development of transport, hotel and restaurant industry. Further, there is no entertainment centres available in and around Erode. Water theme parks, amusement parks, boat clubs can be started in this district.

New Industrial Possibilities

Industry - Suitable Location


IndustryLocation
Agro based industries Erode, Kangayam, Perundurai, Gobi, Uthukuli
Horticultural based industries Erode, Bhavani, Gobi, Sathyamangalam
Sericulture based industries Thalavadi, Sathyamangalam, Kundadam
Pisciculture Erode, Bhavani, Gobi, Sathyamangalam
Animal Husbandary based Erode, Kangayam, Perundurai, Dharapuram
Floriculture Bhavani Sagar, Sathyamangalam, Bhavani, Ammapet
Textiles productsErode, Vellakoil, Perundurai, Bhavani, Chennimalai
Chemical based Erode, Perundurai
Mechanical Erode, Perundurai, Kangayam
Electrinic Industry & Software service Erode, Perundurai
Mineral based industries Kangayam
Tourism & Recreation activities Erode, Gobi, Bhavani

Suitable Products for Erode District - Snap Shot

  1. Cereal products
  2. Jowar based products
  3. Convenience food items - Ready Mix, Noodles, Protein speciality foods etc.
  4. Tapioca based products
  5. Mushroom plantation
  6. Coconut & Coir based products
  7. Paddy waste based products
  8. Bio mass electricity
  9. Production of seeds and saplings
  10. Bio control products for plants
  11. Neem based products
  12. Silk reeling
  13. Plantation - Mango, Sapota, Papaya, Tamarind & Neam
  14. Herbal plantation & Herbal products

Horticulture based products

  1. Turmeric based products
  2. Fruits and Vegetable products
  3. Banana based products
  4. Spice products
  5. Floriculture & Flower based products
  6. Forest based products

  1. Fishing
  2. Fish based food items like pickles etc.

Animal Husbandary based Industries

  1. Dairy Farming
  2. Milk Products
  3. Chicken Products
  4. Meat Processing

Disinfestation Products

  1. Mosquito repellent herbal coil
  2. Cockroach trap
  3. Pest proof emulsion

Microbiology and Fermentation Products

  1. Vinegar from jaggery etc.
  2. Alcohol from banana

Textile based Products

  1. Readymade Garments - export based
  2. Readymade Garments - domestic
  3. Knitted Garments - export based
  4. Export oriented powerloom products
  5. Export oriented Handloom products
  6. Sanitary napkins
  7. Bandage cloth, surgical cotton
  8. Jute products

Leather Products

  1. Tanned Leather
  2. Manufacture of leather shoes, chappals
  3. Export oriented leather products
  4. Leather bags, Travel goods

Chemical & Plastic Based Products

  1. Organic Fertilizers
  2. Bio fertilizers
  3. Bio Pesticides
  4. Essential Oil
  5. Manufacture of Perfumes
  6. Moulded industrial accessories of Plastic
  7. Activated carbon
  8. Plastic Industrial Components

Engineering Products

  1. Textile & Powerloom Machinery Spares
  2. Air controlling components
  3. Agricultural implements
  4. Powder coating
  5. Steel fabrication
  6. Aluminium fabrication
  7. Steel furniture
  8. Builders Hardware
  9. Aluminium Anodized Builders Hardware
  10. Automobile components / spare parts
  11. Tools and spares for Rigs

Electrical & Electronics Industry

  1. Cables for power transmission, household, control cables & transmission line conductors
  2. Transmission Line Hardware
  3. Distribution Transformer
  4. Switch Gears
  5. Household Appliances - Mixers, Table Top Grinders, Washing Machine
  6. Electrical control panels
  7. Distribution boards
  8. Emergency lamp
  9. Voltage stabilizer
  10. UPS
  11. Inverters
  12. Compact flourescent Lamp Choke

Metallurgy

  1. Non Ferrous Castings
  2. Gun Metal & Bronze Casting
  3. Forging of Tolls and Agricultural implements
  4. Forged Items
  5. Heat Treatment Services

Software development & IT Enabled Services

  1. Software development
  2. Data processing services
  3. Medical Transcription services
  4. Internet Browsing Centre
  5. Publication of books and related services

Service Sector

  1. Computer Hardware repair and maintenance
  2. & services for pollution control equipment for Dying, Tannery units
  3. Fast Food Stalls

Power Generation

  1. Bio mass based electricity
  2. Generation of solar electricity

Tourism & Entertainment

  1. Recreational facilities / Entertainment facilities near popular towns / places.

AGRO BASED INDUSTRIES

  1. Cereal Based Products

    Erode district is having 90405 hectares under cereal crops accounting 25.36% to Gross cropped area. Paddy, jowar, maize, ragi and cumbu are cultivated here. However the cereal products are not exploited except rice milling.

    There is a good scope for the products Instant traditional foods, Rice flakes etc. Since the consumption pattern of the people changed over the years to prefer ready to eat food items & semi processed food items, the market for these items are growing considerably. The following items can be produced.

    1. Instant tradition food
      • Bisibele bhat
      • Pongal
      • Sambar
      • Rasam
    2. Noodles
    3. Composit vermicelli (based on ragi flour)
    4. Quick cooking rice
    5. Rice flakes
    6. Refined millet flour
    7. Snack foods - maize / soya based

    CFTRI, Mysore has developed the technology to the above products. It transfers classified technologies against a prescribed fee for each process.

  2. Jowar Based Products

    Jowar is grown in 12,423 hectares in Erode district. The neighbouring district Coimbatore is the highest producer of Jowar in the state. Total yield from Erode district is 13,665 tonnes. At present most of the produce is used for cattle / poultry feed. There is a good scope for manufacture of glucose, which can be used for the preparation of biscuits. Jowar flakes can also be produced.

  3. Convenience Food Items

    Erode district is one of the main district in food products sector. The entrepreneurs in this district are having good marketing infrastructure. Now a days the ready to eat items are popular among the people. Quality and taste are the two main important factors for the success of these products. The demand for these products are increasing every year. Considering the market potential, the following products can be started.

    Ready Mix: Idli, Vada, Dosai, Jamoon, Jilebi, Cake, Pakoda, Cake doughnut, Upma

    The technology is available with CFTRI, Mysore.

  4. Tapioca Based Products

    Tapioca has been cultivated in 3938 hectares. The neighbouring district Salem is the main producer of Tapioca. Tapioca is the raw material for sago products. Except the sago products, the other products from Tapioca such as Tapioca based polymer can be produced. The Indian Tuber Crop Research Institute at Koyemkulam, Tamilnadu has extracted a polymer from tapioca. The polymer is biodegradable and has the potential to replace nearly 40% of the conventional petrochemical based polymer used in plastic packaging. Since the Tapioca polymer is eco friendly, it is felt that there is a good scope for this industry in Erode district. Aspiring entrepreneurs can approach the Indian Tuber Crop Research Institute, Koyemkulam, Tamilnadu for technical know-how and other information.

  5. Coconut and Coir based products

    Coconut is referred to as ‘Tree of Heaven’ and ‘Kalpavriksha’ owing to the multi farious uses of the various palm parts and products in our daily life. Coconut palm yields more products of use to mankind than any other tree. Though coconut is known both as oilseeds and food crops, it has also assumed significance as a beverage and fibre crop and the trunk of coconut tree is gaining importance as a major source of timber.

    Coconut is grown in 11022 hectares in Erode District and the yield is 1653 lakhs nuts during 1999-2000. Though this district is not leading in area under coconut comparing with other districts, the contribution of Erode district is significant in the state. Coir based industry offers enormous employment opportunities.

    At present fibre extraction is done in traditional method. It needs to be modernised to ensure better utilisation of coir fibre, boost of the productivity and quality improvement.

    There is a vast market both domestic as well as international for the coconut based products. Though the prospect of domestic market is unpredictable in nature, the opportunities are widening in international market. Coir Board, Co-operative organisations and private dealers are supplying Coir items to the domestic market. There is potential in domestic markets for Coir fibre, Yarn rope, Mats, curled coir and rubberised Coir products. There is a good market for the following Coir based products.

    1. Coir yarn in baled and non-baled form
    2. Coir mats, both brush and non-brush type
    3. Coir matting with or without latex backing
    4. Coir carpets
    5. Coir rugs
    6. Coir pith in the form of briquettes

    Coir board grants financial assistance upto 25% of the cost of equipment and infrastructure facilities with a ceiling of Rs.1.50 lakhs for setting up new fibre, mechanised yarn and Rubberised coir unit. For further details regarding technical know how, subsidy and other related information, the interested persons can contact the following addresses.

    1. The Regional Office,
      Coir Board,
      110, Murugappa Complex,
      Palakkad Road,
      Pollachi - 642001.
    2. The Regional Coir Training & Development Centre,
      Coir Board,
      Pillayarpatti, Vallam (Via),
      Thanjavur - 642001.

    Manure Based on Coir Pith

    Coir pith can be converted into organic man are in just a month with new technology. The technology is developed jointly by scientist at the Coir Board, Central Coir Research Institute, Alleppey and Tamilnadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore using a formulation called ‘Pith Plus’.

    Coir pith turns into black mass of compost with carbon nitrogen ratio of 24:1 within 30 days, which is recommended as ideal organic manure. Field Tests have shown that the compost coir pith has four times higher nitrogen, six times higher phosphorous and one and half times higher potassium than the raw coir pith. Composting reduces the mass by 58 percent. The recommended dosage of coir pith is 12.5 tonnes per hectare.

    At present the fibre making units are dumping the coir pith in wastelands. This can be converted to value added product as manure and can be sold to agriculturist.

    Coir Geo Textile

    Soil erosion is a grave problem for the human kind. It is reported that 18% of the topsoil is being eroded every year all over the world. It has been established that coir netting is an ideal material for prevention of soil erosion through wind, rainfall and other natural calamities.

    Being a biodegradable material, coir for increasing demand as geo - textiles in Europeon markets. Other applications of geo-textile are soil stabilisation, soil reinforcement, road pavements, drainage filter etc. It was reported that 474 MTS of coir geo-textiles valued at Rs.1.7 crores were exported from India.

    Coconut Based Products

    1. Coconut shell cups as Ice cream cups
    2. Coconut Milk Powder
    3. Coconut Shell Charcoal
    4. Coir moulded Baskets
    5. Coir Bristle Fibre for brushes
    6. Cut Coir

  6. Paddy Based Industries

    Paddy is the important crop cultivated in the district. Area under cultivation during 1999-2000 is 64,475 hectares and the annual production was 3,11,865 tonnes. There are 834 rice mills functioning in this district. Paddy is procured from other districts of Tamilnadu and from the neighboring state Karnataka.

    Activated Corbon from Paddy Husk

    Paddy Husk available from rice mills in the district could be utilised for manufacturing activated carbon - a catalyst for removal of colour, taste and odour in edible oils, food stuffs and pharmaceuticals and for recovery and reclamation of various solvents. Some units can be set up in the district, preferably at Kangayam.

    Household Detergents from Paddy Husk

    With the accelerated urbanization in the district the demand for detergents is on the higher side. Paddy husk can be used for the manufacture of detergent powder. The main raw materials are paddy husk, soda ash sodium tri-poly phosphate, borax and alkylaryl sulphonate.

    The National Research Development Corporation (NRDC), Delhi has come out with a technology for manufacturing household detergents. Aspiring entrepreneurs can contact NRDC. A unit can be set up by using this technology at Kangayam.

  7. Manufacture of seeds and seedlings

    The advantages of using processed seeds are well understood by the farming community. The demand for processed seeds, which are free from impurities, is increasing. The seeds are exposed to chemical treatment for control of seed-borne diseases. At present state seed farms & farmers producing seeds for cereal crops, pulses and cotton. According to the Tamilnadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, there is a good demand for Co.2 papaya seeds in Tamilnadu as well as in states like Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh. Also, there is high demand for coconut seedlings, Tamarind seedlings and other vegetables and fruits. This offers a good opportunity for horti-technocrats for launching ventures in the production of treated seeds and seedlings. Aspiring entrepreneurs can contact the Tamilnadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore for process and other information.

Neem Based Products

According to the Neem Mission, Pune, Neem seed collection alone has the potential to employ over 4 lakh persons and earn Rs.60crores in wages in India in addition to promoting small & medium scale industry. The products of Neem like fertilisers, insecticides, oil, soap etc have good market potential. Plantation of Neem trees in wasteland will ensure steady growth of industries based on this product.

Forest Based Products

Forest occupy 28% of the total area in the district. The district has total forest area of 228750 hectares, with Sathyamangalam and Bhavani taluks together accounting for as much as 94% of this area. Sathy taluk alone accounts for 61% of the forest area in the district. The important forest products are Sandalwood, Rosewood, Timber, Teak, Eucalyptus, Bamboo, Firewood, Charcoal, Tamarind, Callmits (myrobalam), Pungam seeds, Avaram Barks, Amla etc. The Eucalyptus and Bamboo are reported to be used by the Seshasayee Paper and Boards Ltd, Pallipalayam, Namakkal District. Sandalwood is periodically auctioned from the Sathyamangalam Depot. Myrobalam and Avaram Bark are used in tanneries. The dry fruits and nuts are collected by the tribal cooperative society at Sathyamangalam and auctioned. Most of the forest products are auctioned to the people outside the state with exception of Myrobalam. There is a limited scope for a few industries based on the available resources. It is suggested that the forest department may explore possibilities of systematic planting of myrobalam, Avaram, Eucalyptus and herbs in the forest area, as these could find immediate use in the industries in this district.

Wasteland Development for sustainable Agriculture

As per CMIE data Erode district is well placed in respect of various socio-economic criteria as compared to State and National averages. However the net sown area as percentage of reporting area at 38.02% is far below the State average of 43.85% and National Average of 46.30%. One plausible explanation is that the district is having higher forest cover of 28% as against the State and National average of 15.77% and 21.82 respectively. Nevertheless it is also a fact that vast tract of land in the district remain uncultivated every year. While the canal systems of Cauvery, Bhavanisagar, Amaravathy and Parambikulam / Aliyar river projects are irrigating Northern and Eastern parts and to some extent in southern parts of the district, Vast area of land in between these canal systems remain uncultivated due to poor and erratic rainfall rendering agriculture a unviable activity. As per 1996-97 data cultivable waste, current fallow and other fallow accounted for 2.06 lakhs hectare or 25.2% of geographical area. The area under other fallow, which was 0.40 lakhs hectare during 1994-95 nearly doubled to 0.73 lakhs hectare during 1996-97. These data confirms the observations based on Remote Sensing Data. The institute of Remote Sensing Agency of Anna University, Chennai was prepared Wasteland Map for various district including for Erode, estimated the extent of wasteland in the district at about2,16,545 hectares which constitute 26.48% of the total geographical area of the district. These aspects warrant implementation of wasteland development projects, which involves identification of the individual land holdings and draw up suitable plan of action suggesting technology suitable for the area so as to bring such lands for productive purposes. Keeping in view the geographical conditions the plants such as dryland horticulture crops, fuel wood and fodder crops and other commercial tree spices have to be undertaken to suit the physiographic, Biotic and Edaphic factors with an ultimate aim of raising the prosperity of these areas, as well as supplying Raw materials to the industries.

For effective implementation of wasteland development projects, the Government of Tamilnadu has constituted village level, Taluk level and District level committee. While the village and Taluk level committee will look after identification of wastelands, the district level committee with District Collector as Chairman will chalk out a suitable Action Plan and forward the same to Government.

Horticulture Based Products

Erode district is an important horticulture belt in the state. All kind of vegetables, fruits, spices, plantation crops and flowers are grown in this district. Area under horticulture is nearly 30883 hectares during 1999-2000.

  1. Turmeric Based Products

    Erode district occupies the first position in area in the state under Turmeric. It has been grown in 14533 hectares during 1999-2000. Erode is the only market center for turmeric in Tamilnadu. Turmeric is arrived not only from Erode District but also from the other parts of Tamilnadu and adjoining district like Mysore in Karnataka State.

    The total production of turmeric from Erode district is 87,198 tonnes. The arrival of turmeric to Erode Market, from all other districts of Tamilnadu including Erode and nearby state Karnataka is estimated around 3,00,000 tonnes per annum. At present Erode district is having Turmeric Powder Plants, Masala Powder units and consuming only a meager part of turmeric. The remaining turmeric is purchased by the merchants from outside the state. The available turmeric is not fully exploited at Erode district.

    The following products can be produced.

    1. Turmeric Oleoresin
    2. Turmeric based cosmetics
    3. Turmeric based medicines
    4. Turmeric based natural dyes

    The technical details for the above projects are available with NRDC, New Delhi.

  2. Banana Based Products

    Banana is the principal fruit crop in this district. It is grown in 4637 hectares and the production is 1,15,925 tonnes during the year 1999-2000. This can be used for manufacturing value added products.

    The following products can be produced using banana and its waste.

Banana Powder

Banana has high medicinal value. It has got the property of controlling blood pressure in human being. Banana can be converted into banana powder, which is also used for manufacture of B-12 injection. Aspiring entrepreneurs can approach CFTRI, Mysore for technical support and other information. The other products are

Banana Bars
Banana Juice Powder
Banana - Dehydrated Fruit

CFTRI, Mysore has developed process and technology to the above products.

There is a good potential for export of these products.

Banana Fibre and Fancy Articles

Sizeable quantity of banana stem is available in the district, which could be profitably used for extraction of fibre. One kg of matured pseudo stem will yield an average 100 grams of fibre. Banana fibre could be utilised for manufacturing packing bags, Sacks and a variety of fancy articles. Know how for the extraction and utilisation of the fibre is available with KVIC and All India Handicrafts Board. Banana fibre based units can come up at Erode, Modakurichi and Kodumudi.

Apart from this, lot of handicraft / fancy items can be produced using banana fibre from stem.

Cushioning Material out of Banana Stem

Banana fibre can be used as packing material for glass and other fragile items, which needs to be packed very carefully to prevent breakage / damage, Banana could replace paper and cardboard, which are more expensive compared to banana fibre. Technology, project details etc can be obtained from CFTRI, Mysore.

Fruits and Vegetable Processing

Mango is another important fruit crop grown in this district. It is grown in an area of 813 hectares during 1999-2000 with an yield of 4065 tonnes. Demand for processed mango product is expected to increase by 15% per annum, 30% of the processed mango product is exported to Gulf countries. There is a good demand for mango products in domestic market also.

The following products can be produced.

  1. Mango bar
  2. Mango juice concentrate / paste
  3. Mango juice powder
  4. Instant mango pickles
  5. Mango jam

Besides mango, guava, orange & lemon are also grown in this district. Then fruit crops offer industrial scope in fruit processing especially pulp extraction, which has very high export market.

Drumstick is cultivated in 499 hectares. This is the suitable crop for cultivation with limited irrigation facilities. Drumstick is grown mostly in Dharapuram taluk. Further neighbouring Dindigul district also cultivating drumstick.

Oddanchatram in Dindigul district is one of the biggest wholesale markets for drumstick as well as other vegetables. CFTRI, Mysore has developed a product ‘Dehydrated drumstick powder ‘. There is a good scope for starting this industry at Dharapuram, Kundadam & Mulanur. Interested persons can approach CFTRI, Mysore for technology, market and other information.

Herbal Products

Erode district is having 28% of total area under Forest. A number of herbal plants grow spontaneously in these forests. The value and commercial use is not known to the people at large. It identified and nurtured properly a number of valuable and rare herbs can be converted into good medicines for curing a number of diseases. At present it is either eaten away by the cattle-folk or decay on its own. Hence, interested person can contact, the Forest Department for necessary assistance for collection and Horticulture Department for cultivation. This will pave the way for utilisation of wasteland and create employment for the rural masses apart from producing value added products.

According to the Director, Department of Indian system of Medicines & Herbs (ISM & H), there were around 11,000 companies in the country dealing with herbs and herbal products. The combined turnover of the Industry was approximately Rs.23,000 Crores and would touch Rs.40,000 Crores over the next 5 years.

The Union Government has proposed to set up a National Board of Medicinal Plants to regulate the herbal products industry. The Board would oversee all aspects of business from cultivation of herbs, scientific research to manufacture of the drugs, warehousing, advise to the Government, provide financial assistance, processing and packing help in conservation of herbs and set up herbal gardens.

However, it is suggested that aspiring entrepreneurs should go for tie-ups with farmers for the proper cultivation of required herbal raw material to ensure continuous supply. Only collection of locally available herbs may not be sufficient for continuous supply in the long run.

Mushroom Cultivation

Mushroom is a proteinaus food and a very good food for diabetics of hypertension. It can also cure peptic ulcers and constipation. Mushroom cultivation also helps in recycling organic residues of farm and is a component in integrated farming system.

The Tamilnadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore is giving training in Mushroom cultivation.

Floriculture

Erode district has an area of 1838 hectares under floriculture. Marigold and Jasmine are the main flower crops in this district.

Jasmine is being grown in areas surrounding Sathyamangalam and Bhavanisagar in this district. India with 5000 hectares under Jasmine cultivation, is the largest producer of Jasmine of which 80% is being realised in Tamilnadu. 582 hectares of area is under Jasmine in this district during 1999-2000.

The perfume industry in Tamilnadu, for which bulk of the flower is procured, rarely supports the farmers who are forced to sell the flowers at throw away prices. Hesitation as on the part of the state horticulture department to fix the floor price for Jasmine deters the growth of this industry. It is reported that Jasmine concentrate and absolute oil brings a whopping Rs.30,000 and Rs.60,000 / kg respectively in the international market. Further, annually Jasmine flowers earn Rs.30 Crores to 40 Crores as foreign exchange.,br>
Yet another problem is the lack of awareness among the farmers that the longevity of the bud can be enhanced to 72 hours with appropriate mixture of chemicals.

Though some extraction units have come up in the state, they are not able to meet the growing demand. To save the industry from extinction, concerted effort is needed on the part of the Govt. to give necessary support to the growers so as to enhance the area under cultivation and for setting up extraction plants. Few units can be set up at Sathyamangalam and Bhavanisagar.

Textiles

  1. Cotton Textiles & Related Products

    According to Powerloom Development & Promotion Council, India has exported cotton fabrics & made ups worth of Rs.8791 Crores during 1999-2000. The share of Powerloom sector is Rs.5178.6 Crores, works out to 58.9%. Textile Exports registered a growth of 13.58% during 1999-2000. A major draw back is that the industry has not been modernised adequately. The immediate task is therefore upgradation and modernisation of textile industry at a faster pace. The need for immediate modernisation of the industry arises from the fact that by the end of 2004, quota restriction imposed by certain developed countries like USA & European Union, will be completely phased out.

    There is scope for further expansion for the products like

    1. Readymade Garments
    2. Cambrics
    3. Furnishings
    4. Poplin
    5. Sarees
    6. Voiles
    7. Sanitary Napkins
    8. Bandage Cloth, Surgical Cloth
    9. Jeans (Denim Garments)

  2. Hosiery Industry

    There is a bright future for the hosiery industry at Erode district. Since this district has the potential of raw materials, good processing facilities and trained labour, there is a vast scope for development of knitwear industry. Considering the growth of knitwear exports, few units can be started in SIPCOT Industrial Growth Centre, Perundurai that provides a very good infrastructure for processing industries with established CETPs.

  3. Silk Reeling

    Erode district is having 615 hectares of area under mulberry cultivation and has produced 400 tonnes of cocoons during 1999-2000. There is scope for starting a modernised silk reeling unit at Thalavady.

  4. Jute Diversified Products

    There is good market for jute based products, which is expanding. At present there are very few units engaged in this activity. There is a good scope for starting the industries like packing materials, bags travel goods etc. For Technical consultancy and training in jute diversified products, interested persons can contact the Textile Technology Department of PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore.

  1. Engineering Industry

    Erode district is having moderate development in engineering industry. There is a good scope for further development in this sector. To quote a few, the following product’s offer good scope in this industry.

  1. Textiles & Powerloom Machinery Parts
  2. Agricultural Implements
  3. Builders Hardware
  4. Automobile Spares

  1. Textile & Powerloom Machinery parts

    This district is having 47 large & medium scale textile based industries. Further more than 39000 powerlooms are in this district. The replacement requirements for theses machinery parts offer a good scope to start industries in this sector.

  2. Agricultural Implements

    The extent of present day use of agricultural machinery in a basically agriculture country like ours needs no introduction. Erode district is basically agriculture oriented. There are many progressive farmers in this district. Use of modern technology and implements are increasing among the farmers. There is a good scope for starting industries in this line.

  3. Builders Hardware

    Builders hardware such as hinges, tower bolts and handles are used in buildings for fixing and movements of doors and windows etc. There are either made of M.S. or aluminium sheets and sections. There are many items of builders. With the increase of population, more and more houses are required, being constructed. Similarly, the demand for these hardware will also increased day by day. Due to rapid industrialisation and development of urban areas, builders hardware industry has got very good market potential. Moreover, these hardware have got export market in the Middle-East countries. The people now prefer aluminium hardware because of corrosion resistance and good appearance.

  4. Auto components

    The present market potential for auto component industry is estimated to be around Rs.12,600 Crores. The industry is expected a witness a consolidation wave to achieve an optimal size for ensuring economies of scale. The big automotive manufactures felt the need to off load manufacturing of components and processes to the ancillary sector in order to maintain their operations economic, efficient and manageable. As such most of the products and processes are off loaded to the small sector except those which involve high capital investment, critical parts and products in the sub-assemblies area. Total domestic production of auto Component / ancillary products in 1998-99 is estimated at Rs.120.32 billion recording a growth of 4.9% over the previous year. The small scale sector plays a big role in this sector. Besides domestic markets, the ancillary units cater to the international markets also.

    Further, Car manufactures in India use only 34 kgs of aluminium components compared to 116 kg in developed countries. Comparing to Cast Iron, Aluminium is twice cheaper. Aluminium components reduce kerb weight by nearly 50%. Moreover, there is nearly 25 kg reduction in emission as there is 0.7% saving on fuel for every 1% reduction in weight by using aluminium. Since there is a production surplus of 80,000 tonnes of Aluminium on India, this can be put to beneficial use in manufacture of Auto components.

Chemical Products

  1. Bio Fertilisers

    According to Tamilnadu Agricultural University, a right mix of organic manure, fertiliser and bio-fertilisers can stabilize field crops by maintaining the productivity of the soil without damaging the ecology. Bio-fertilisers could save 20 to 40 kg of Nitrogen per hectare, which would otherwise have to be applied through fertilisers. Indian fertiliser usage is around 33 million tonnes out of which only 26 million tonnes have been produced indigenously. The rest is being imported at heavy prices. To save this, bio-fertiliser can be produced indigenously.

  2. Manufacture of Perfumes

    Perfumary chemicals are largely utilised in the production different type of aromatic product like Powder, Cream, after shave lotions, tooth paste, soap-detergent, agarbathi different variety of perfumes etc. There are lot of synthetic purfumery compounds of which Isobutyl acetate, Ethyl butyrate, Amyls benzonacts, Butyl phenyl acetate etc. Perfumery chemicals are divided in two parts (1) natural perfumary compound and (2) Synthetic perfumary compound. Both are largely demanded compounds. Natural perfumary compounds are basically highly volatile compounds. The demand of these chemicals are increasing day by day. There is a good scope for new entrepreneur to invest in this product.

  3. Activated carbon from coconut shell

    Activated carbon is an amorphous form of carbon which has been treated to produce a highly developed pore structure resulting in a very large internal surface area. It is pre structure which gives the activated carbon its ability to absorb gases and vapours from gaseous phase and dissolved or dispersal substances from liquid phase. Activated carbon can be manufactured from a wide variety of raw materials such as pine wood, charcoal, coconut shell, rice husk etc. The activated carbon is also used for the purification of air and water, refining of sugar and production of electrodes. The demand is gradually increase with the increase of end users industry. There are a large number of kopra making units at Kangayam and so the availability of coconut shell also high. Few units can be started in Kangayam Taluk.

  4. Optical Whitening Agent

    Optical whitening agents are water soluble dyes tuffes. There is bleaching agents of fluorescent dye which create an illusion of whiteners. Ultramarine blue which is also used to get extra white finish on white cotton textile, absorbs only visible light while the optical whitening agents absorb the ultraviolet rays also from the day and a part of the same to enhance the bright appearance of white textiles & papers with the rising standard of living in the country, there has been a steady growth in textile and paper trade. There are more than 1200 numbers of textile processing units in this district and also the demand for optical whitening agents in increasing year after year. There is a good scope for the optical whitening agents in Erode district.

PLASTIC PRODUCTS

The wave of economic liberalization over the last few years has brought the almost one billion strong Indian population into the global marketplace. As India continues to intensify its integration with the world economy, it will have to bridge the gap for demand, of products matching global standards in features, quality, aesthetics and economics. This will call for compressed development cycles, step changes in quality and aesthetics of products and transplantation of new technologies. Continuing technological advances allows plastics to play an important role in the pursuit of sustainable development by bringing innovative solutions to the full range of challenges facing society as we begin the ‘new millennium’.

Plastics have played a vital role in the growth phase of the Indian economy and continue to do so. From packaging to agriculture, automobiles and teletronics plastics have revolutionised all areas because of its functionality, economics, aesthetics and reliability. Plastics have made all products affordable to the Indian consumer and have helped in raising the lifestyle of the common man. Consequently, a lot more products manufactured in India today either contain plastics or are contained in plastics.

Plastics Consuming Markets in India

From a modest beginning in the late 1950’s, the plastics industry in India has acquired a great deal of versatility and sophistication. The industry has especially taken off in the post liberalization era. The new found business environment and abundant domestic availability of raw materials has aided the double-digit growth for plastics consumption in the country.

The plastics industry in essentially focused on commodity resins with packaging contributing more than 50% of the demand of - 3 million tonnes in 1998. The market for engineering plastics and other performance plastics is only 4% of the commodity demand but has been growing at a steady clip of 20% over the last couple of years backed by strong demand growth from automobile and consumer electronics markets.

In focusing on the emerging business and value addition opportunities in some of the important thrust markets for plastics, there would be a stronger emphasis to look beyond traditional products, which would enhance value and ensure wider market access.

Packaging

“Plastics Invented: Revolutionizes packaging”, that’s how plastics appear in the top 50-20th century News Stories Plastics claim the highest growth rate among all packaging materials in India. Modern packaging technology aided by plastics has provided for orderly and economic distribution of products and has utility in stimulating customer behaviors. The per capita plastics packaging consumption is a paltry 1.5 kgs as compared to the worlds 6 kgs viewed against the backdrop that India is the second largest food producer in the world with huge potential for packed products. The market with a sizable consumption of 1.4 million tonnes growing at 14% per annum would cross 4 million tonnes by 2006.

Flexible packaging which includes films, woven sacks and bags and extrusion coating, is the biggest segment with close to 80% of plastics packaging demand.

The fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) segment is the single largest consumer of plastics packaging cornering 1/3rd of total plastics packaging demand. FMCG’s include processed foods, washing products, vegetable oils, milk and milk products and personal care products. The new wave of convenience, shelf appeal and brand building opportunities offered by plastics packaging has aided the demand growth for FMCG’s. With changing lifestyles new market segments are being introduced every day. Plastics have made it easier for companies to come up with brand variants and line extensions for consumers from different economic strata. Unit packaging has made all kinds of products affordable and accessible to the rural consumer. The convenience of such packaging has boosted penetration of products like edible oil (84% penetration), biscuits (60% penetration), and shampoos (40% penetration) in rural markets. Likewise, the rural market also accounts for more than 40% of toothpowder, tea and salt consumption in India. This vast potential is still untapped.

This attenuates a healthy outlook for plastics in FMCG packaging to over 1.5 million tonnes by 2006 accounting for close to 38% of total plastics packaging demand.

Mass markets like dairy products are expected to consume approximately 150,000 tonnes of film per year by 2006 for packaging alone. In the edible oil sector low penetration of packed oil in parallel with mandatory packaging order and ban on the use of recycled tinplate containers, will augment consumption of packaging materials from 42,000 tonnes currently to over 200,000 tonnes by 2006. The value added food industry which consumes over 51% of flexible packaging is targeted to grow by US $ 50 Bn by 2010 demanding more convenient, hygienic, aesthetically pleasing low cost packaging. Driven by consumer awareness on health, food safety and hygiene speciality films and high barrier films are expected to gain market share in future.

Due to lack of infrastructure and improper packaging nearly, US$ 5 Bn fruits and vegetables produced in India is wasted each year. Usage of plastics in post harvest management in other countries have shown that plastics packaging can shorten the distribution chain by lowering the number of changeovers, preserve quality of the food packed and allow efficient distribution of shelf stable products at minimum costs to the consumer.

Use of plastic crates for handling and storage can help prevent this mindless wastage. The moulded crate market is expected to grow at 15% and become a 90,000 tonnes market by 2006.

The synthetic woven sack industry has played a pioneering role in meeting the commodity packaging requirements in India over the last three decades. The estimated production of commodities requiring bulk packaging like cement, fertilizers, food grains and sugar is expected to be more than 400 million tonnes by 2006 which is an increase of 19% over the current annual production. The resultant massive jump in sacking requirements of upto 40 million new sacks every year and demand from other diversified sacking and non-sacking applications will increase demand for woven fabrics to approximately 1 million tonnes a year by 2006. In fact, woven sacks can also play an essential role in food chain management in India.

There has been a noticeable shift from commodity selling to brand marketing with special emphasis on retail packaging. Plastics fit the role of providing an aesthetically pleasing functional package at lower costs. This will drive the demand for plastics in this segment to over 90,000 tonnes by 2006.

Plastics also cater applications in pharma applications are tablet bottles and blister packaging. The present consumption of 28,000 tonnes will grow at 6% per annum to touch 43,000 tonnes by 2006.

Plastics packaging is a very important market segment for plastics in India, not only in terms of volumes but also in terms of future growth potential, value additions and export markets.

Agriculture & Water Management

India is primarily an agriculture economy. Today the country is facing challenges of burgeoning population growth, uneven distribution of food, falling rate of availability of land and an acute pressure on agriculture productivity. An estimated 5% loss of production on account of pests and diseases are plaguing this sector. To feed and clothe a growing population science and technology will have to innovate to increase agriculture production, as adding more land under plough is not viable. The need to produce more coincides with the limits being imposed on yield-enhancing chemicals and biogenetics. In these circumstances plastics provide the ideal solution to increase crop yields through controlled farming and also distribute more of what is produced efficiently to the consumer.

‘Agrifilm’ is increasingly being used for mulching, silage retention, greenhousing and low tunnelling. The present consumption of agrifilms of 27,000 tonnes is set to increase to 50,000 tonnes by 2006. The use of drip irrigation is on the increase with present demand for laterals of 14,000 tonnes expected to touch 49,000 tonnes by 2006.

There are also wasteful irrigation practices like canal irrigation and open channel irrigation through which upto 70% water loss takes place. Prudent and efficient distribution of water for irrigation and strengthening of irrigation programs through use of plastic pipes are being promoted. Through such efforts the plastics pipe market is expected to cross 300,000 tonnes by 2006.

Automobiles

Mobility has become a synonym for modern society. In the automobile industry the lightweight of plastics coupled with its ease of fabrication have led plastics to become the preferred material of construction for many interior and exterior applications. New developments in material science now permit the use of plastics even in under the bonnet applications. With advances in designing and materials and the right development Support, the use of plastics per Indian car is expected to

Increase to about 50 kg per car by 2000-01 and touch 90 kg per car by 2005, which is still below 115 kg per car in the US. This results in a healthy demand growth for plastics in the ensuing decade. Initial estimates indicate that demand could increase five fold to 125,000 tonnes by 2006.

The new markets of Asia will cause delocalisation of production from existing production bases in the Continent and America, India could become a manufacturing base for exports to the growing region. In such a scenario, existing technologies would be readily transplanted to shorten the development cycles, which would further accelerate the demand.

Infrastructure

In the building and construction industry the proportion of plastics pipes for gas and water distribution are on the increase. The growth in population will demand additional investments of US$ 160 Bn in rural and urban housing by 2021. Approximately 52 million new telecom line are to be set-up by 2006 and the growing electricity demands will require additional 111,500 MW of new generating capacity in the same period demanding an overall investment of over US$ 345 Bn. This will aid industrial growth and ultimately hike the demand for plastics.

Total market potential for plastics in wire and cables is set to increase to 300,000 tonnes by 2006. Requirement of pipes for domestic water distribution and cable ducting to touch approximately 700,000 tonnes a year by 2006.

The newer exotic materials construction like ‘Geo-textiles’, which find use for a variety of civil and environmental engineering challenges including subsurface drains, roadways & railroad reinforcements, embankments and landfills is expected to be a 100,000 tonnes business by 2006.

The large variety of applications of plastics materials in the infrastructure sector helps construction companies and planning authorities to find new solutions to the housing needs of a growing population.

Consumer Electronics

Plastics in white goods really have a colourful future. The entry of large MNCs have helped to develop and standardize plastic components at par with global quality, thereby transplanting and compressing domestic R & D efforts to quicker fruition. The 250 million strong middle class of India with larger disposable incomes is looking to buy a large number of such products the right impetus for growth of this segment.

Popular Products like washing machines are growing at 43% while refrigerators and televisions are growing at 20%. The rising demand will push up plastics demand to more than 200,000 tonnes by 2006.

In the field of computers plastics have an indispensable role to play in external components like keyboards, floppy drives, monitor casings etc. and internal circuit wiring, chips and circuit boards. Computer sales growing at 35% per annum will demand more and more plastics in future. The miniaturization of other consumer electronics like mobile phones, laptops and office automation equipment have been possible only due to light-weight plastics.

Plastics in communications, electronics and electrical engineering offer multi-talents for multi-media, interlinking various sectors to equally meet ecological and economic requirements.

Household Sector

In the household sector segments like kitchenware, sanitaryware and thermoware today consume more plastics than ever before. There has been a definite shift from traditional materials like glass and metals in such products towards plastics due to plastics versatility of characteristics, application and utilization.

This sector recorded explosive growth of 40% since 1992. This growth is expected to level off around 25% per annum not before plastics demand reaches approximately 650,000 tonnes.

Another segment that has moulded luggage and furniture habits in India.

The demand growth from these segments is 21% per annum and with projected consumption of 800,000 tonnes by 2006.

Toughness, durability and enhanced aesthetics have given moulded luggage the edge over traditional tin trunks, rexin cases and expensive woollen and leather suitcases. For a product that delivers superior performance at a lower cost moulded luggage is essentially suited to Indian conditions and consumers. This segment currently valued at approximately US $ 230 Mn has projected demand of 45,000 tonnes by 2006.

Healthcare

In the field of medicine the use of plastics has steadily increased over the last few years in diagnosis and treatment. Significant reasons for this are, firstly hygiene requirements and secondly the pressure to contain products like transplants and in plastics save lives and make lives

Commodity polymers conform to the rigorous requirements in medical devices like IV bottles, IV sets, syringes, non-woven fabrics. Catheters, blood bags and present consumption of 19,000 tonnes is expected to grow at 16% per annum.

Plastics also contribute to spectacular medical improvements, such as medical implants like artificial heart pumps and artificial limbs.

Conclusion

The absolute level of potential in all the end-use markets for plastics in India is tremendous and plastics industry stand to take off from the demand growth in these areas. Demand for commodity plastics is expected to touch 8 million tonnes by 2006 while for engineering plastics demand will cross 600,000 tonnes by 2005. The next generation of plastics will open up new avenues for growth in ‘high technology’ applications like medicine, defence & aerospace, optics and biotechnology. As relative new-comers these materials still have great untapped potential and offer innovative solutions to problems in a number of emerging technologies.

Source : Plastic News

Electrical & Electronics Industry

  1. Distribution Transformer

    The distribution transformers are important link in the chain of Power Distribution Systems. The power, which is transmitted at high voltage is stepped down to 430 volts with the help of those Distribution Transformers. There are manufactured in a variety of capacities and voltage ranges. The demand for distribution transformers is basically related to power generation programme envisaged for the country. Due to rapid industrialisation and Rural Electrification Programme the demand of power is increasing. The demand for these transformers is likely to increase considerably.

  2. Electrical Control Panels

    Control Panels, as the name implies, are used to provide proper control of operation of any electrical equipment. These are also used to protect the electrical equipment from being damaged due to various faults like short circuit, overload earth leakage etc. The control panels , by virtue of being a functionally integral part of all the electrical equipments like motor, generator, transformer, transmission lines, have immense hipe. The phased increase in the power generation & transmission has by itself necessitated Increased production of electrical equipments thereby creating a good scope for the control panels.

  3. Inverters and Converters

    As inverters is a device which converts DC power to an alternatively source. Inverters in which power conversion is accomplished by thyristers (SCR) are called static inverters. A static inverter was transistor or thysistors as switches. For high power applications only thysistors are which inverters fond applications where emergency stand by power is required and for there is no AC power is available such applications are fluorescent tube lighting during power failure, in vehicles, in hospitals, airports etc. There also find wide uses stand by power supply for computers, instrumentation and telecommunication equipment etc.

    A converter is a device which converts DC voltage into another DC voltage source but at a different level, usually a higher one sometimes converters of same voltage but with change in polarity. Similarly converter also converts an AC service into another AC source. Therefore, converters may be of DC to DC or AC to AC type. DC-DC converters give excellent line and load regulation. These converters find application in instrumentation computer and in industries.

    Inverters upto 500 VA have been reserved for the manufacture in small scale sector. Inverters of low capacity find wide use for fluorescent lighting. Present trend of usage tubelights in buses, trucks, railway coaches increased the market potential. There can also be used in emergency lamp. Increase of health centres / hospitals has directly created all demand as emergency / stand-by power supply in such cases. There being tremendous growth of industry, usage of modern instrumentation and process control equipments and increasing usage of computers, the demand of inverters and converters has widely increased.

EMERGENCY LAMP

The emergency lamp can provide alternate source of light when power supple fails. It finds wide applications in hospitals, banks, hotels, shops, commercial establishments, cinema theatres and Government Departments. There are a variety of emergency lamps available in the market. Therefore, the product should be a quality one to find a place in the competitive market. It is observed that 20-watt emergency lamps are widely used by the above establishments.

The emergency lamp consists of one or two fluorescent tune, portable storage battery, a battery charger, a switching circuit and an inverter circuit. The portable battery (generally 6V battery is used) supplies the power required to light the lamp when power supply fails. The switching circuit automatically connect the battery to the inverter circuit which converts the 6V DC into AC voltage and stepped up by a step up transformer to the level required to light the lamp when the power supply fails and switch off the lamp when the power supply is restored.

METTALLURGICAL PRODUCTS

  1. Gun Metal and Bronze Castings

    Gun Metal and Bronze Castings in different combinations of alloying elements shape, size and weight are in use in industrial and domestic fields. In the industrial field, its use is quite specific because of very good bearing properties, rigidity, corrosion resistance and castability. The greatest use of these alloys is in the manufacture of bushes of various dimensions, shape and weight ranging from a few grams to several hundred kilograms to suit requirements e.g. turbine blade, propellors, supports, brackets, hangers for different machinery items for petroleum and chemical industries. Bronze is also used for domestic utensils, statues and decorative castings.

    The important fields where Bronze Castings find applications are given below:

    1. Agricultural machinery
    2. Automobile industries
    3. Domestic appliances
    4. Printing machinery
    5. Textile machinery
    6. Chemical and Petrochemical industry
    7. Railways
    8. Turbines, rolling mill parts

    The industrial development is taking place with a rapid pace. As the market for Bronze based casting is very prospective, small scale units can be set up for manufacture of Bronze castings.

  2. Forged Items

    Forged item is a product, which is manufactured by, hot forging process either by open die or closed die. In forging process the product takes shape with the help of dies from hot metal of steel and alloys. The properties of forged items are considered to be better than other metal forming processes.

    There area number of applications of forged items. However, the concentration of application is mostly in automobile industries, machinery manufacturing Industries, Railways, Mining, Agricultural Implements Industries, Power Generation etc. Some of the forged items are as follows.

    Gear blanks, connecting rods, crank-shafts, shafts, hooks, hubs, chain-links, hand tools, fasteners, insulating pins, pick-axes etc.

    Forged items are general consuming industrial products used in various areas as stated above. Due to its vast application, there is very good market potential for forged items. Its major requirements goes to automobile industries as automobile industry is expanding very fast because of large demand in the country e.g. heavy, medium and light vehicles as well as two wheelers. Three wheelers e.g. scooters, Auto rickshaws etc. Taking above into consideration, there is a good scope of forged items in the country.

  3. Heat Treatment Service

    The heat treatment which may include several steps involving heating and cooling of the metal. The heat treatment is an important process to obtain the desired physical properties of the metal such as ductility, hardness, toughness, wear resistance etc. The process is highly skilled one and the performance of the end product in the various production units very much depends upon the quality of heat treatment available in the heat treatment unit.

OTHER INDUSTRIAL OPPORTUNITIES

  1. Software / IT Enabled Services

    Software / IT Enabled Services offer wide scope for development with very high employment potential. According to a report released by Mckinsey-Nasscom groups the software market is expected to grow by 2008 to $87 billions with export market estimated at US $50 billion and the domestic market at US $37 billion. In 1998-99, export markets in these services provided employment around 1000 people, which is expected to grow to 23,000 by the year 2008. These services include processing of credit card transactions, medical claims, loans, payrolls, answering customer queries, providing information systems such as data centres, networks, medical transcription, legal database service etc. The industry is lucrative at the outset but needs utmost quality.

  2. Computer Hardware Repair and Maintenance

    Use of computers in industrial establishments, business organisation, Govt departments and households are increasing every year. Also the advent of internet and availability of personal computers at cheaper rates made a revolution in Information Technology. These leads to the good demand for hardware servicing persons. Hence there is a good scope for aspiring youngsters to start the computer hardware servicing industry.

  3. Fast Food Stall

    Consumers pattern and behaviour changed a lot during these years mainly because of the increase in the family income. Growing population also offer a scope for new industries. Now a days people want to taken food from hotels, restaurants, frequently. This is common in a family of both husband and wife is employed. Also, the mobility of population to different places a necessitated to consume food outside. Hence the demand for fast food stalls and hotels are increasing. The quality, taste and hospitality are the main factors behind the success of this industry.

  4. Tourism based and Recreational Activities

    Tourism and recreational activities have not been provided the attention it deserves in this district so far. There are a number of important places in term of tourism as well as worship in this district. These places not only offer entertainment and mental peace to the visiting public but also provide livelihood to a major chunk of popular engaged in the trace and industry in these places. There is an enormous scope for the development of tourism based activities as well as recreational activities in and around these places. Some of the activities suitable are providing water games, boating services, theme parks, regular transport service to group of tourist places, hotel and restaurants etc. Places suitable for promoting such activities are Erode, Bhavanisagar Dam, Gobi, Sathyamangalam & Bhavani.