INDUSTRIAL PONTENIAL SURVEY OF NANDED DISTRICT

FOREWORD

This Report ‘Industrial Potential Survey of Nanded District’ has been prepared as a part of the Core Action Programme for the year 1999-2000, of the Development Commissioner (SSI), Ministry of Industry, Government of India.

The report provide a review of the past growth in the direction of industrialisation and suggest the potential areas for such future growth. Nanded is one of the backward district of Marathwada region of Maharashtra. A large number of its population is engaged in agricultural activities. Industrialisation in the district is yet to be progressed to a satisfactory level. This report, in particular points out the resources of the Nanded district which have great potential in setting up of industries. The report has been prepared based on the information collected from various Central and State Government Offices, financial institutions, well established units and Industrial Associations. An effort has also been made in the report to point out the weakness of infrastructural facilities in Nanded district. Taking into consideration the existing resources and industrial infrastructural facilities of the district, candidate industries have also been suggested.

I hope this report will be very helpful to the existing as well as the prospective entrepreneurs in planning their future ventures in the district. It may also serve as a useful guide to the Governmental and Semi-Governmental Agencies and Institutions engaged in promotion and development of industries in the district.

I am grateful to the District Industries Centre, Nanded and various State as well as Central Government Offices, Institutions and Agencies for giving almost co-operation and help extended during conducting the survey work.

I appreciate the efforts of Shri Ramesh B. Nair, Small Industry Promotion Officer (EI) for compiling and preparing this report under the guidance of Shri O.M. Prabhakaran, Deputy Director (EI).

(R.B. PANDE)

DIRECTOR

Date: 7th March 1999

Chapter 1

Introduction

Nanded is one of the backward district of Marathwada region of Maharashtra and have a predominantly agrarian economy. It comprises of nine talukas viz. Nanded, Hadgaon, Kinwat, Bhokar, Billoli, Degloor, Mukhed, Kandhar and Loha. The geographical area of Beed district comprises 3.42% of the area of Maharashtra State. Majority of its population is engaged in agricultural activities and there is little industrialisation in the district. The existing industries are agriculture based. Majority of its population lives in rural areas. The literacy rate of Nanded district is 48.17% as compared to 64.87% of Maharashtra.

The Government objective of achieving balanced regional development, encouraging new and prospective entrepreneurs, optimum utilisation of scarce resources, making use of highly sophisticated technology and exploiting/improving local skills etc., have been kept in mind while preparing this report. The potentials of industries based on the resources locally available in the area and demand based industries (both institutional and consumer demand) have been considered, along with the scope for setting up ancillaries to the existing large scale units. The role of Government Department Agencies engaged in industrial promotion and economic development etc. has been analysed and also the industrial and economic policies of the government have been considered in the report. In this report, it was tried as an economic representation rather than presentation of statistical information and economic data.

The report has been prepared on the primary information collected through extensive field visits and secondary information available in various documents and reports in the district. Various Central as well as State Government Offices, large scale and small scale units and Industrial Associations were contacted to obtain the up-to-date information of the district. The field visit for preparing the report was conducted during the month of Feburary 2000.

CHAPTER – 2

PROFILE OF NANDED DISTRICT

Geographical Location:

The district of Nanded has between 18*.15' and 19*.55' North latitude and 77*.7' to 78*.15' east longitude. The district has a geographical area of 10528 Sq. Kms. The district of Nanded is surrounded in the North by Yeotmal District, in the West by Parbhani, Latur and Osmanabad districts, in the South by Bidur district of Karnataka State and in the East by Nizamabad and Adilabad districts of Andhra Pradesh.

Historical Background:

The district of Nanded has a very rich and ancient history, which dates back to the time of the Puranas of the Hindu Mythology. It is believed that the district is derived its name from Nandi-tat, the place in the banks of river Godavari where Nandi, the vahan of Lord Shiva is said to have performed penance. Some say that Nine Rishis known as Nand performed penance in the bank of river Godavari and hence the name Nand Tat.

The district has also gained importance on a pilgrim Centre due to the Hujursahet Gurudwara at Nanded - built in memory of Shri Guru Gobind Singh, the ancient temples of Lord Dattatreya and Renuka Devi at Mutur in Kinwat Taluka, the temple of Lord Kandhoba at Malegaon in Loha Taluka and a place named after Shri Chakradhar Swamy, the founder of Mahanubav cult.

Area & Topography:

The district has a geographical area of 10,528 Sq. Km., which forms 3.41% of the total geographical area of Maharashtra State. The district is situated in the Deccan Plateau. The Southern part of the district has light and barren land. The North -Eastern part of Kinwat block is mountainous and largely barren. The remaining part of the district is mostly flat and has fertile black soil.

Soil:

The black cotton soil in the district is rich in calcium, magnesium and carbonates, but poor in Nitrogen, Potassium and Phospherous. It has a high moisture and humidity retention capacity. The river basin of Godavari, Mangurd, Mongia and Penganga has deep and good quality soil along the banks. The soil near hilly areas is lanterate and mixed with stone.

Rivers:

The principal rivers in the district are Godavari, Penganga, Monjura and Mongad, all of which are perennial. Asna, Sita, Saraswati & Lendi are the mixed rivers with seasonal flow.

Climate & Rainfall:

The climate in Nanded district extreme with large variations in the temperature. During summer the district experiences extreme heat with the mercury touching 44oC while in the winter the temperature drops to 90oC. The district receives rain from the South-West monsoon during the months of June to December. The average rainfall in the district is 1150 mm. Kinwat Taluka receives the maximum rainfall while Kondhav receives the minimum.

Forest:

The total area under forest in the district is about 86000 hectares which is about 8.30% of the district's geographical area. The major forest area in the district is in Kinwat taluka (i.e.) about 57,800 hectares. Main forest produces are Timber & firewood Bamboo, Grass, Tendu leaves, Gum & Khenir Wood (used for manufacturing Kola) are the minor produces.

Demography:

As per 1991 Census, the population in Nanded district is 23,30,000. Urban population is just 5,06,000 (21.72%) while the rural population is 18,24,000 (78.28%). The decennial growth of population in the district during the period 1981-91 was about 33.21%. Out of the total urban population about 54.35% is in the Nanded City alone.

The density of population in the district is 222 per Sq. Kms. while in the State it is 256 per Sq. Kms. The Taluka of Nanded in the most densely populated while Kinwat with a population of 117 per Sq. Km. has the least density of population. The female - male ratio of population in the district is 946 per 1000 male.

The literacy note in the district as per 1991Census was just 48.17%, which was far below the State's average of 64.97%. In the rural area the literacy rate was just 42.49%. The literacy rate among the women in the district is only 30.95% while in the State of Maharashtra it is about 52.3%. The demographic factors existing in the district, in all, indicates the backwardness of the district.

Occupational Structure:

As per 1991 Census the district has 9.27 Lac workers i.e. about 39.76 % and 1.16 lakhs marginal workers, 4.97%. Out of the se about 80% of the workers were engaged in agriculture and allied activities; 4% in cottage & household industries, 5.15% in Trade & Commerce. The growth in employment in the non-agriculture during the period 81-91 was just 3%. The district is still on agrarian century with very little industrial growth. As per village programme there are about 76,561 families living below poverty line in Nanded District.

As per the District Employment Exchange there were about 1,15,824 in the live register as on 31.3.98. During the year 97-98 about 224 persons above were provided employment by them.

Administrative Set Up:

Nanded district consists of 9 Tehsils. They are Nanded, Hadgaon, Kinwat, Bhokur, Billoli, Degloor, Mukhed, Kondhar and Loha. As on 31st March 1998, the district has 1306 Gram Panchayats, 11 Nagar Parishads and 1 Municipal Corporation.

At the district level the Collector is the Administrative Head, while the Tahsildars of each tahsil run the administration as per Collector's instruction. The Zilla Parishad of Nanded has 9 Panchayat Samiti. They are responsible for implementation of rural development programmes.

Land Utilisation:

Out of the total geographical area of 10.39 lac hectares, 0.86 hectare consist of percent area, (i.e.) about 8.30%, 0.48 lac hectare consist of forest multiple land, cultivable but barren land is about 0.80 lac hectare. Fodder land is 0.77 lac hectares and agricultural land under cultivation is 0.78 lac hectares. Irrigated agriculture land is only 0.47 lac hectare.

CHAPTER - 3

INFRASTRUCTURAL FACILITIES

Road:

The total road length in the district as on March 1998 is 7670 kms. Major district roads is about 1647 kms and 853 kms is of other district roads. The length of village roads is about 3891 kms. About 2338kms of road length in the district is tarred. 4397 kms are stone, metal roads and 945 kms of road length in the district is made of other materials. The road length per 100 sq.km is 73.03 km, which is above the State figure of 62.08 kms per 100 sq.km.

Major goods and Passenger Transportation from and to the city is done by road. Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation caters mainly to the passenger traffic need of the district. The MSRTC operates bus services to most cities of Maharashtra and also to the neighbouring States of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. As on 31.3.97, out of the 1515 of inhabited villages all weather roads are available only in 1116 villages.

Railway:

With the recent commissioning of the broad-guage railway line upto Mudkhod Nanded is directly linked with Mumbai, Delhi, Amritsar and Bhusawal. Some more railway network like Latur-Nizamabad and Nanded-Pusad-Yavatmal and conversion of Mudkhod - Adilabad from meter-guage to broad-guage are in the proposed stage. The total Rail length in the district is 208 kms.

Post & Telegraph:

The total net work in the district is fairly developed. There are about 459 Post Offices and 27 Telegraph Offices in the District. In addition there are about 51 Sub-Post Offices. In the rural area, 5 new branch post offices were opened in the current financial year. All the gram panchayats in the district has telephone link. As at the end of March 1998 about 22806 telephones have been installed in the district.

Air-Transport:

Currently, the district does not have a regular air transport facility. Although there is an airport, which is about 12 kms from the city of Nanded.

Power:

The district has achieved 100% electrification with the electrification of all villages and towns in the district. During the year 1997-98 about 499311 thousand KWSPH of electricity was conserved in the district. Maximum consumption was in agricultural sector - 61.36, followed by Industrial 17.69% and household 15.32% sector. The industries in Nanded do not face any shortage of electric power.

Irrigation:

The district has 3 major irrigation projects. They are (a) Purna Project - covering an area of 20,000 hectares, (b) Manor Project - covering an area of 23,310 hectares, and (c) Vishnupuri Project - covering an area of 28,340 hectares.

In addition, there are 10 medium projects and 394 minor irrigation projects and 6620 bore-wells used for irrigation.

The total irrigated area in the district is 47,000 hectares, which forms to just 6% of the total cultivated area. This is far below the State's figure of 15.41%. Out of the total irrigated area, 48% of the land was used for cultivation of food grains and 27% for sugarcane.

The lack of sufficient rainfall in the district has not enabled the irrigation projects to be put to full capacity utilisation.

CHAPTER - 4

RESOURCES

Agriculture:

Agriculture is the main get up of the century of Nanded District. It provides employment to about 85% of the total work force in the district.

Predominently kharif crops are grown and thus Rabi crops are also cultivated. The total cropped area is about 781000 hectares with an area of 7,52,000 hectares under kharif and 29,000 hectares under Rabi crop.

The principal kharif crops are jowar and cotton. Other kharif crops being paddy, tur, mung, urid, etc. The principal Rabi crops are Jowar & Wheat. Sugarcane and Bananas are grown throughout the year. The yield, production and area under cultivation of principal crops is given in the Table mentioned below:

TABLE – 1
PRODUCTION OF MAJOR CROPS AND
PRODUCTIVITY IN NANDED DISTRICT (97-98)


Sl.No.

Name of crop

Per Hect.

Total

Area under

 

 

Prod. (Kg)

Prod.('00' Ton)

cultivation in Hect.

1

Rice

588

151

37449

2

Wheat

617

42

16684

3

Jowar

1020

2395

255425

4

Bajra

427

3

324

5

Maize

1288

1

145

6

Gram

279

60

5769

7

Tur

132

60

43611

8

Udid

211

104

46507

9

Mug

165

64

41600

10

Masur

500

1

-

11

Jawas

225

16

330

12

Groundnut

-

69

3949

13

Mohari

111

1

-

14

Til

143

2

5355

15

Chilli

321

34

6271

16

Sugarcane

80072

7767

14129

17

Cotton

53

850

282830

18

Maista

296

69

-

19

Ginger

5000

85

-

20

Turmeric

5000

3245

787

21

Potato

2500

25

-

22

Arandi

250

1

-

 

 

 

 

 

Note: 1. Sugarcane in dressed cane

2.Total production of Cotton and Maista indicated in bales

Source: Directorate of Agriculture, Govt. of Maharashtra

Based on the available agricultural resource it is seen that there exist scope for setting up of industries for manufacturing Jowar based, Cotton based, Sugarcane based industries in the district.

Horticulture:

1. In the area of Horticulture, Nanded has fame for Banana and Sweet Lime (Mosambi) cultivation. Nanded district is a major producer of banana. About 14000 hectares of land is brought under banana cultivation. With overall yield of 60 tonnes per hectare the total production of banana in the district is about 8,40,000 tonnes.

2. Apart from banana and sweet lime, the other major horticultural produces of the district are Custard apple, Oranges, Sweet lime etc. The major horticultural produces in the district are as given in the Table - 2.

3. There exist scope for setting up of units of Banana, Sweet lime, Boor and Custard apple based processing units in the district.

TABLE - 2
AREA UNDER CULTIVATION AND PRODUCTION
OF FRUIT CROPS - (1998-99)


Sl.No.

Name of the Crop

Area (Hect.)

Est. Production

 

 

 

(Tons)

1

Mango

607.35

9105

2

Mosambi

1677.2

4528

3

Banana

14,000.00

8,40,000

4

Bor

394.9

19750

5

Oranges

272.15

7344

6

Lemon

15.8

427

7

Custard Apple

234.05

1170

9

Chikoo

72.1

936

10

Pern

68.55

2399

 

 

 

 

Source: District Agriculture Office, Nanded

Live Stock Resource:

The live stock proposed in the district as per the 1997 & 1992 live stock census is given below:

TABLE - 3
NO. OF LIVE-STOCK (1992 CENSUS)


Sl.No.

Name of the Live-stock

1997

1992

1

Cow

3,58,038

3,62,326

2

Buffalo

2,59,442

9,48,493

3

Goat

3,56,413

3,61,269

4

Sheep

50,170

46,596

5

Bullock

3,73,346

3,46,955

6

Poultry birds

5,19,936

2,98,642

7

Others

88,780

87,695

The major live stock based activities in the district are dairy farming, poultry farming and goat rearing. For the promotion of these activities, the Animal Husbandry Department and the State Government & Zilla Parishad provide veterinary facilities, training facilities in dairy, poultry and goat farming and financial assistance under self employment schemes.

Dairy farming is an important activity amongst the total population of Nanded District. There are about 787 Milk Co-op. Societies in the district. During 97-98 under the Government Milk Procurement Scheme the total milk procurement in the district was 99,78,000 litres. In the district there are about 24 slaughter-houses and during 1997-98 about 93,639 cattle and 76,062 sheep/goats were slaughtered. There exist a Meat processing unit in Nanded district in the private sector.

The climatic condition of Nanded is not congenial for poultry farming. There is a NCDC farm project in Ghaongaon in Deglur Taluka and a poultry farm in the private sector at Billoli Taluka. Apart from these there are no other major poultry farms in the district. The demand for eggs in Nanded city is met by the supply farm of the neighbouring State of Andhra Pradesh.

Fisheries:

In Nanded district Fresh water fishing is done in the rivers and tanks and reservoirs. River water fishing is carried out in Godavari river. The river length in the district is about 700 kms. There about Major Reservoir, 8 Medium Reservoirs and 69 minor reservoir, 1371 Zilla Parishad Tanks and 128 Gram Panchayat Tanks in the district. The district has 79 Fishermen Co-op. Societies. The Annual fish catch during the years 97-98 and 98-99 is as given below:

TABLE - 4
REVENUE FROM ANNUAL FISH CATCH


Year

Quantity (in Tons)

Value

1997-98

2418

605

1998-99

3282

821

The major varieties of fishes available in the district are Catla, Rohu and Rigola. The Government has formed a Fish Farmer Development Agency for increasing the fish production in the district through modern techniques of fish farming. There also exist fish seed production farms in Barul, Kharad and Loni Taluka. There exist scope for setting up of a few fish processing units in Nanded.

Minerals:

Although the district of Nanded is not bestowed with rich mineral resources, the deposits of lime- stone and granite are noteworthy. Deposits of intertrepan lime-stone are found in Kinwat Taluka, while Granite is found in large quantities in Biloli and Degloor talukas. The estimated deposit of Granite in the district is about 4.70 lakh cubic-meter.

Forests:

The total forest area in the district is about 86000 hectares, i.e. about 8.30% of the total area. The main forest areas are in Kinwat, Hodgaon, Bhokur and Billoli Talukas during the year 1997-98 the Revenue earned through the sale of forest produces in Nanded district was Rs. 191.65 lakhs. Out of which the revenue through sale of Major produces like Fire wood and other wood was Rs. 90.08 lakhs and through the sale Minor produces like Bamboo, Grass, Tendu leaves and Gum was Rs. 101.57 lakhs.

CHAPTER - 5

EXISTING INDUSTRIAL INFRASTRUCTURE

The existence of a good Industrial Infrastructure like developed Industrial Estates, banking net work, market, technical institutes is a pre-requisite for the industrial development of any region.

There are three MIDC areas in Nanded district. They are Dhanegaon, Nanded (Growth Centre), Kondhar (Mini area) and Krushnor. These industrial areas accommodate about 499 SSIs and 5 Medium Scale Industries. The details about MIDC industrial areas are given in Table – 5 below. Co-operative Industrial Estates are located at Nanded, Loha, Deglour and Dhanudabad. These Estates in all accommodate about 116 units. 4 More Co-operative Industrial Estates are proposed at Burud-Taluka, Nanded, Bhokar- Taluka Bhokar, Dabhod - Taluka Nanded and Tansa - Taluka Hodgaon. The details about Co-operative Industrial Estates of Nanded district are given in Table - 6. Taking into consideration the potential for industrial development, the Government of Maharashtra has taken a decision to develop five star industrial estate of 645.81 hectares at Krishnur. The existing MIDC Industrial Estates in the district are well developed with sufficient facilities like water, roads and power.

TABLE - 5
DETAILS OF M.I.D.C. INDSTRIAL AREA


Sl.No.

Name of the

Total area

No. of plots

No. of plots

S.S. Units

 

Industrial Estate

(In Hect.)

covered

allotted to SSI

Functioning

1

Nanded

271.89

538

478

259

2

Degloor

71.56

30

18

1*

3

Kandhar

11.39

51

1

-

4

Krishna

645.81

187

2

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* This Indl.Estate is not concerned with the MIDC.

 



TABLE – 6
DETAILS OF CO-OP. INDUSTRIAL ESTATES

S.No

Name of the

Urban/

Area

No. of

No. of plots

No.of SSI

 

Industrial Estate

Rural

(in Acre)

plots

allotted

Units func.

1

Nanded Co-Op.Indl Estate.Ltd.

Urban

55.39

187

187

102

2

Dharmabad Co.op.Indl.Estate.

Urban

6.15

36

34

12

3

Mahatmajyotiba Phule Co.op. Indl. Est.

Urban

5

26

3

2

4

Vishwqkarma Co.op.Indl.Est..

Urban

13.58

60

56

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PROPOSED INDL.ESTATES:

1

Dr.Babasahed Ambedkar Gramin Co.op.Indl.Estate, Barad, Nanded

 

2

Priyadarshani Co.op. Indl. Estate, Bhokar, Nanded

 

 

3

Dadhad Co.op. Indl.Estate, Dabhad, Nanded

 

 

 

4

Tamsa Co.op. Indl.Estate Tamsa, Hadgaon.

 

 

 

Banking Sector:

The State Bank of India is the lead Bank for Nanded District. There are 20 commercial bank branches in the district having 135 branches in the district. In addition, the district also has 8 Co-operative Banks with 189 branches. In the district the average population per branch is 8164 in the urban area and 26823 in rural area. As per the Lead Bank report, the total amount of loan disbursed to industrial sector up to December 1997 is Rs. 315.05 lacs as against commitment & Rs. 984.20 lacs i.e. 32%, which is not considered good. As per the lead bank report the main reason for the poor performance is the lack of new proposals. However, the performance under Trade & Service is excellent at 118% (against a commitment of 1601.66 lacs banks have disbursed to the tune of 1896, 43 lacs) and agriculture sector which is 86%. As on 31-12-97, as per Lead Bank report, the total deposits in the district was 525.05 Crores, while the amount of advances was 572.88 Crores. The C:D ratio for the district being 109%.The Annual Credit Plan for 98-99envisages an outlay of Rs. 15972.88 lakhs.

Educational Institution:

The newly found Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University is seated in Nanded district. The colleges of Nanded, Parbhani &Latur are affiliated to this University. The district has adequate colleges in all the Talukas, which offer courses in the fields of Science, Arts & Commerce. In addition, the district also has colleges in for Medicine, Ayurveda, Engineering & Law and Education. As on 96-97 the district has 81 High Secondary Schools and 37 colleges with 88,477 and 31,481 students respectively.

Technical Education:

In the field of technical education Nanded district offers good facilities. There are two Engineering Colleges, 12 it is and 2 Polytechnics in the district offering courses in all the disciplines of engineering. Apart from these organisations like NIIT & APTECH through their functionaries in Nanded City offers various Computer related courses.

Maharashtra State Finance Corporation:

In addition to the Commercial Banks & Co-operative Banks, MSFC also caters to the financial requirements of industries, especially the SSIs. However, in the last two years, there was restriction on sanction of new loan application, as a matter of policy, by the Corporation. Hence just one application was sanctioned for loan in the year 1999-2000. The details of loan sanctioned to SSIs by MSFC in the past 4 years is as given below.

TABLE - 7
DETAILS OF LOANS & ADVANCES TO SSI BY M.S.F.C.


Year

No. of SSI

Amt. Of

Amt. Of

 

Units sanctioned

Loan sanctioned

Loan disbursed

 

Loan

(Lakhs Rs.)

(Lakhs Rs.)

1996-97

11

88.48

146.25

1997-98

6

87.35

28.93

1998-99

3

22.70

87.11

1999-2000

1

5.25

4.18

(upto June,99)

 

 

 

Existing Industrial Scenario:

Industrially, the whole of Nanded district is still a backward. As per the 1993 Package Scheme of Incentives of Maharashtra, the Talukas of Nanded are categorises under Group D or D plus. The existing industries both small scaleand large scale sector are mostly agro-based like - Dal Mills, Rice Mills, Oil Mills, Sugar Mills etc. and engineering industries. There also exist a good cluster of steel furniture making units in and around Nanded. As on 31-3-99 Nanded district has about 1462 permanently registered SSIs with a capital investment of Rs. 4978 lakhs and providing employment to about 10233 persons. Similarly, in the district as on 31-3-98 there are about 35 large & medium scale units with a capital investment of Rs. 39,825 lakhs. Moreover, as on 30-4-99 about 62 units have obtained IEMs. Most of the industries in the district are located in the Taluka of Nanded, Degloor and Kandhar Taluka.

Small Scale Industries:

There are about 1462 permanently registered and 5522 provisionally registered SSI units in the district. As far as permanently registered units are concerned the number of SSI units in Nanded district turns just one percent of the total number of SSIs in Maharashtra.

As on 31-3-88 there were 1219 Permanent SSI units in the district, while as on 31-3-99 there were 1462 units (i.e.), a 20% increase in the State's rate of 168% from 54610 units in 1988 to 146495 units in 1999. As on 31-3-1988, the number of registered SSI units in the district formed 2.2% of the total number of SSI units in Maharashtra. The figure as on 31-3-99 indicates that the districts share has reduced to 1%. The trade-wise number of Permanent/Provisional registered SSI units in Nanded is given in Table - 8. Most of the SSI units are agro-based and Engineering based units. There are about 41 Oil Mills in the district.

TABLE - 8
CATEGORY OF INDUSTRIES (PERMANENT & PROVISIONAL) WITH
EMPLOYMENT, INVESTMENT AND PRODUCTION CAPACITY

Sl.No.

Category of Industry

Unit Registered

Employment

Investment

Prod. Capacity

 

 

Pmt.

Prov.

Pmt.

Prov.

Pmt.

Prov.

Pmt.

Prov.

1

Agro based

258

516

1760

5289

1880

4263

12085

13993

2

Forest based

135

422

661

1697

104

356

401

1278

3

Mineral

104

350

1085

3213

378

1337

1089

1865

4

Food & Beverages

72

709

402

2951

246

1364

1903

3586

5

Textiles

44

443

304

3152

136

2689

348

3891

6

Leather

42

127

170

511

6

279

29

611

7

Rubber

4

6

23

35

11

25

83

75

8

Plastics

19

107

67

443

100

585

280

669

9

Chemical

116

283

736

2102

675

1708

3840

2377

10

Metal & Engg.

281

577

3093

2852

679

1785

3841

2545

11

Electric

11

184

41

483

24

237

55

458

12

Electronic

31

219

137

666

61

273

275

343

13

Non-Metal

3

27

13

194

5

135

240

836

14

Others

339

1522

1791

2892

693

2875

2563

11805

 

Total

1462

5522

10233

26470

4978

17914

26415

44332

Large Scale Industries:

Out of the 35 Large & Medium Scale Industries who were issued IEM’s only 5 units have been reported as functioning. The IEMs have been obtained mainly for projects like manufacture of Sugar, Sectic Acid, Industrial Alcohol, Fertilisers, Galvanised Steel Sheets. These details of large and medium scale units are as follows:

LIST OF LARGE AND MEDIUM SCALE UNITS

Sl.No

Name & Address of the unit

Product

Investment (Lakhs Rs)

1

M/s. Kohinoor Feed & Fats MIDC, Nanded

Edible Oil & Oil products

225

2

M/s. Comet Steels Ltd., MIDC, Nanded

Cold Rolled Steel Sheet

5602

3

M/s. Sipta Coated Steel Ltd., MIDC, Nanded

Cold Rolled Coated

6120

4

M/s. Godavari Manar
Sahakari Sakar Karkhana
Ltd.

Sugar

750

5

M/s. Venkateshwara Indl. Ltd

Ethyl Alcohol

2000

In 1997, in Nanded district there are 369 units registered under the Factories Act. Out of these, 59 units are reported as closed. These industries in all provided employment to 9729 persons and had turnover of Rs. 58732 Crores. As per the Factories Act Registration during 1997 about 93 industries, Saw Mills, 73 Oil Mills, 61 Cotton Mills & 84 Sugar Mills.

Khadi & Village Industries:

Industrially backward district like Nanded, the promotion of rural based industries is vital for the overall growth of the economy. The KVIB through its multifarious activities like training, financial assistance and marketing is involved in the promotion of such industries. Leather tanning, Carpentry, Black-smithy, oil expelling etc. are some of the activities covered by KVIB in the district. The Board apart from sponsoring cases, to banks for finance, also provides direct finance in the district. The Board has also established 10 Gramodyog Bhandars in the district to provide marketing support to the artisans. As on 31-12-99, the KVIB in Nanded district has provided financial assistance of Rs. 446.47 lakhs to 8898 units through its various self-employment schemes.

CHAPTER - 6

NEW INDUSTRIAL OPPORTUNITIES

Industrially, Nanded district has made little progress. There is a need to provide better infrastructural facilities especially in the field of Information Technology & Communication so as to spread better awareness and better access to the information on the latest developments technology to the entrepreneurs. The level of entrepreneurship in the district also needs to be boosted.

The existing industries are mostly agro based like Dal Mills, Rice Mills, Oil Mills, Cotton, Gunny etc. and engineering based (like steel furniture & wooden furniture) general workshop. Manufacturing Value added products on these lines, does have good scope.

Fruit/Vegetable Processing Industry:

1. Banana Processing:

Nanded is the major banana growing district. The average annual production is estimated at 8.40 lakh tonnes. As it is a perishable item, manufacturing of items like banana powder, wafers and puree does have scope in the district. A unit can be set up with an investment of Rs. 10 - 15 lakhs with an Annual Production Capacity of 20 M.T.

2. Custard Apple Processing:

There is a dairly good plantation of custard apple in Lohar & Kondhar Talukas of the district. The estimated production of custard apple in the district is about 1100 Tonnes. Few units is for manufacturing custard apple puree/powder can be set up. There exist good market for Custard apple pulp/powder amongst the ice-cream manufacturing units.

Capital Investment - 4 lakhs Orange Product capacity - 60 Tonnes per annum

3. Sweet Lime/Processing :

Limbgaon in Nanded Taluka has a concentration of Sweet lime (Mosambi) plantation. Average production is estimated at 5 - 6 thousand tonnes per year. A few units for processing of Sweet lime/Orange can be set up in and around Limbgaon. Apart from this Orange is also cultivated in the district.

Capital Investment - 10 lakhs - Capacity - 105 Thousand Ltr/Anum

4. Bor based Pickles:

The district has Bor production of 20000 Tonnes per annum. Generally, this fruit is consumed raw by the local population. There is a good demand for bor pickles in the cities like Mumbai and also export market in the Arab countries. A few units for manufacturing pickles can be set up in the district.

Investment - 5 Lakhs Production Capacity - 90 Tonnes per annum

5. Cotton Stalk based Industries:

Nanded district has a good amount of Cotton Cultivation. Cotton is grown in an area of 2 - 80 lakh hectares and mainly in the Talukas of Hadgaon, Kinwat, Billoli and Bhokar. It is reported that about 20 lakh tonnes of Cotton Stalk are available in the district every year. Currently most of this is used as a fuel. The Central Institute for Research in Cotton Technology (CIRCOT) at Mumbai has developed the technology for some Cotton Stalk based Industry - Some of which are

Corrugated boxes from Cotton Plant Stalk. Corrugated boxes are generally prepared from forest based wood pulp. In the context of depleting forest resources, alternate raw material like cotton stalk could be used for preparation of kraft pulp and paper required for making corrugated boxes. Quality of these boxes are par with those made from conventional raw materials and are comparatively cheaper too.

6. Particle Boards/Hard Boards:

The process of particle board preparation involves chopping of stalks, pulverising, mixing with suitable birder and catalyst, adjusting mixture content, not formation and pressing. The boards so prepared have been found to be of superior quality and of a lower cost. The process involved is mostly mechanical. The process is ideally suited for the rural industry. Its usage had been mainly false ceiling, partition, panelling, interior decoration etc.

Capital Investment - 60-70 Lakhs. Production Capacity - 1500 Tonnes per annum

7. Edible Mushroom Cultivation:

An alternate use for cotton stalks is in Mushroom production where stalks can serve as the medium. Moreover, though Mushroom farming, the cotton graving farmers can make use of this waste to earn an additional income for themselves. CIRCOT has developed a technology to grow Pleurotus Sajor - Caju (Dhingri mushroom) on cotton stalks. Using their technology about 500 gms of Mushroom can be obtained by using one kilogram of cotton stalks especially during winter. There exist good demand for Mushrooms both in the domestic as well as international market.

8. Starch from Jawar:

This is used mainly in the textile processing units. The district has fairly good production of Jawar crop. It is mainly cultivated in the Taluka of Mukhed.

Capital Investment - 15 Lakhs Capacity - 500 Kg/day

Beverages from Jawar - Capital Investment - 50 lakhs Production Capacity - 675 Thousand Ltr. Per annum

9. Jawar Flakes -

Jawar Flakes is a cheaper substitute for Rice Flake. It can be consumed as a breakfast cereal and can also be used as a baby food. A unit can be set up with a capital investment of 10 - 15 lakh having a production capacity of 200 M.T. per annum.

10. Fibre from Banana Stalk:

This is used for manufacturing ropes and papers. This unit can be set up In Nanded Taluka with a Capital Investment of Rs. 5 to 7 lakhs and production capacity of 300 MT per annum.

Demand based:

1. Granite Cutting & Polishing:

The district has Granite deposits of about 4 - 70 lakh cubic meters, mainly in Billoli and Deglur Talukas. A few units for cutting and polishing of Granite can be set up in the Industrial Estate at Krishnur in Billoli Taluka.

Service Industries:

2. Hotel Industries:

Nanded district has many Pilgrim Centres like the Hujuresabeb - Gurudwara at Nanded, the

ancient temples of Lord Duttatraya & Renukadevi at Mahar in Kinwat Taluka and the temple of Lord Khandoba at Malegaon in Loha. People from different parts of the country visit these places. Nanded has been declared as a Holy City by the Government of Maharashtra and an amount of Rs. 25 Crores was sanctioned for overall development of the city. There is also direct train service from Nanded to Amritsar, started mainly for the convenience of the Sikh Pilgrims. In such a background, there exist scope for developing the Tourism Oriented industrial activities like Hotel Industry in places like Nanded, Mahur & Malegaon.

BROAD PRODUCTWISE CLASSIFICATION OF INDUSTRIES HAVING SCOPE:

Revenue-based:

  1. Banana Powder
  2. Clarified juices
  3. Fibre from Banana Stalk
  4. Banana wafers
  5. Jawar Flakes
  6. Beverages
  7. Jawar starch
  8. Sugar candy/Confectionery
  9. Sugar-cane wax
  10. Hard board from cotton stalk
  11. Corrugated boxes from cotton stalk
  12. Kraft paper & products like bags, cards etc. from cotton stalk
  13. Cotton seed oil
  14. Bio-gas plants
  15. Mushroom cultivation using cotton stalk
  16. Re-packing of edible oil
  17. Poultry/Cattle feed
  18. Solvent Extraction
  19. Vegetable/Fruit Pickles
  20. Citric fruit beverages
  21. Custard apple powder
  22. Tuti fruiti from papaya
  23. Processing of spices
  24. Bio-fertilizers from agro waste

Mineral based:

  1. Cutting & polishing of Granite stone

Livestock based:

  1. Leather Tanning
  2. Bone Meal
  3. Milk produces/Dairy products - Cheese, Yoghurt, Sweets, Ice-crea, etc.
  4. Meat processing

Forest based:

  1. Bottling of honey
  2. Wooden furniture
  3. Leaf plates/cups
  4. Herbal medicines

Demand based:

  1. Powder coating plants
  2. Steel furniture
  3. General fabrication
  4. Agricultural implements
  5. Electrical wiring accessories
  6. Readymade garments
  7. Plastic moulded articles
  8. Solar panels
  9. Solar cookers
  10. Cold storages

Service Industry:

  1. Hotel Industry
  2. Computer based services like DTP, Cyber café, training etc.

CHAPTER – 7

GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES

Industrial Policy:

The Government of Maharashtra announced its new industrial policy on 22nd April, 1993.

The most outstanding features of the new industrial policy are revision of the industrial location policy for Mumbai Metropolitan Region permitting non-polluting, high-tech industries within the rationalised municipal zones of Greater Mumbai; non-requirement of the Collector’s permission for purchase to export-oriented agro-processing projects to hold land in excess of ceiling; liberal incentives under the new Package Scheme of Incentives and sales tax benefits for 100 per cent export-oriented units, regardless of their location.

According to the new policy, private participation is being sought in power projects, setting up of new industrial estates and infrastructure facilities such as construction of jettys, roads, bridges, etc. on Build, Operate and Transfer basis.

Incentives of Industries:

Some of the important features of the new Package Scheme of Incentives effective from October 1, 1993 are as under:

  • More liberal sales tax incentives in the newly designated‘D+’areas.
  • Higher levels of incentives to a‘pioneer unit’for a longer period.
  • 100 per cent Export-Oriented Units get refund of electricity duty, sales tax paid on purchase of capital equipment and exemption from sales tax on purchase of raw material, regardless of their location.
  • Refund of electricity duty to the units coming up in‘D’and‘D+’areas for five years.
  • Capital subsidy to Small Scale Sector.

Classification of talukas into Groups:

In Nanded district the talukas viz. Bhokar, Degloor, Hadgaon, Kinwatand Mukhed are coming under ‘D+’ group and except these all other talukas fall under ‘D’ group.

Development Programmes in the District:

Agriculture & Allied Activities:

Jowar, Cotton, Pulses, Sugarcane & Brass are the main crops of the district. Agriculture Development of Zilla Parishad in promoting cultivation of high yielding

Following schemes are implemented in the district with the help of training and visit:

  1. Intensive Cotton Development Programme aims at increasing the yield per hectare of cotton by improved agricultural practices like supply of quality seed increase the area under integrated irrigation projects, organise demonstration for adoption of plant protection measures and clean packing etc. 50% Subsidy in plant protection measures and 25-50% subsidy or adoption of sprinkler's irrigation too have been provided to the farmers.
  2. National Oilseed Production Programme is certainly sponsored Scheme where Centre's share is 75%. The strategies adopted are increasing the area under summer groundnut, distribution of seed, minikits on nominal rates, subsidy for high yielding varity seed, subsidy for groundnut seed treatment, Sprinkler's irrigation, plant protection, use of Gypsum and by organising ;oilseed crops demonstrate important oil seed crops are groundnut, sunflower, saffrones.
  3. Special foodgrain production programme for girwar & Integrateed Paddy Development Programme.
  4. Special Component plan for SC/SNB farmers is mainly meant for the SC/SNB farmer to adopt better agriculture practices like use of high breed seeds, fertilizers pesticides, better implements etc. The necessary inputs are supplied to them at subsidised rabis. The largest for 98-99 under this plan is 250 beneficieries.

Bio-gas Plants:

The scheme to develop and encourage the use of alternate source of energy is implanted by the Agriculture Department of Zilla Parishad. This department assists in the installation of the plants and also provide subsidy for cost. The largest for the year is 600 plants.

Horticulture:

Horticulture department provides seed and grafting to small and marginal farmers 33% subsidy of the bank loan is provided to these farmers.

Kinwat Block Special Sector Plan:

Tribal sub plan development project is being implemented in Kinwat Block. The plan aims to provide 50% subsidy to bank financed projects for minor irrigation, dairy development, improved farming, horticulture, fisheries and social forestry. The plan is implemented by the State with the involvement of agencies like DRDA, Dairy Development, ZP, Animal Husbandry, KVIB, DIC & Co-operative Banks.

Fodder Development Programme:

The Animal Husbandry Department along with Dairy Development Department under the EDP in the fallow land in the district Social forestry department programme to plant trees like Subabul, Marivel, Arjun etc which provide fodder to the livestock. The funds under the scheme are provided by DRDA.

Nanded District at a Glance

Sl.No.

Particulars

Unit

Nanded

Maharashtra

1

Area

 

 

 

 

a) Geographical Area

Sq.Km.

10528

307713

 

b) Forest Area

Th.Hect.

86

5366

 

c) Culturable Area

Th.Hect.

788

21740

2

Population (1991)

 

 

 

 

a) Rural

In '000's

1824

48396

 

b) Urban

In '000's

506

30542

 

c) Total

In '000's

2330

78938

 

d) Schedule Caste

In '000's

423

8758

 

e) Schedule Tribe

In '000's

276

7318

 

f) Density

Sq.Km.

222

257

3

Talukas

Nos.

9

325

4

Cities

Nos.

13

336

5

Villages

Nos.

15580

43864

6

Rate of Literacy

 

 

 

 

a) Male

Percentage

68.37

76.6

 

b) Female

Percentage

30.95

52.3

 

c) Total

Percentage

48.17

64.87

7

Roads

 

 

 

 

a) National Highway

Km.

0

2972

 

b) State Highway

Km.

1279

32380

 

c) District Roads

Km.

2500

82867

 

d) Village Roads

Km.

3891

72834

8

Railway

Km.

208

5554

9

No. of Post Offices

Nos.

459

12358

10

No. of Telegraph Offices

Nos.

27

12358

11

No. of Telephone Installed

Nos.

22806

N.A.

12

Bank Branches

Nos.

324

6103

13

Existing Indl. Estates

Nos.

8

204

14

Large Scale Units

Nos.

35

2933

15

Small Scale Units (PMT)

Nos.

1462

146495

16

Growth Centres

Nos.

3

68

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note: N.A. = Not Available

 

Source:-

 

 

 

 

1) District Statistical Abstract (1997-98)

 

2) Economic Survey of Maharashtra (1998-99)

 

 

3) Lead Bank (Nanded District) Annual Credit Plan (1999-2000)